Ramana Maharshi (30 December 1879 – 14 April 1950) was an Indian Jivanmukta (fully liberated). He was born as Venkataraman Iyer, but is most commonly known by the name Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi.
Realization: He was born in what is now Tiruchuli, Tamil Nadu, India. In 1895, an attraction to the sacred hill of Arunachala and the 63 Nayanars (statues of saints in a local temple) was aroused in him, and in 1896, at the age of 16, he had a "death-experience" where he became aware of a "current" or "force" (avesam) which he recognized as his true "I" or "self", which he later identified with "the personal God, or Iswara" or Shiva. This realization he usually simply called the Self, the enter of all life and beings, or deep stillness or consciousness.
This resulted in a state that he later described as "the state of mind of Iswara or the jnani". Six weeks later he left his uncle's home in Madurai, and journeyed alone to the holy mountain of Arunachala, in Tiruvannamalai, where he took on the role of a sannyasin and remained there for the rest of his life.
Initially he maintained Silence for about 2 years, due to the elevated states of mind he was experiencing. He also moved for some years to nearby caves to enable deeper concentration and solitude. But eventually was able to reconcile normal life and his elevated states of mind. During this period, he lost at times consciousness of his body.
He soon attracted devotees from India and many other countries, who regarded him as an avatar and came to him for darshan ("the sight of God"), and in later years a large ashram grew up around him named Ramana Ashram, where visitors received upadesa ("spiritual instruction") by sitting silently in his company or asking questions.
Silent teacher: Ramanas Silence was so powerful and loving, quick like a lightning bolt, that his Silence communicated far more than words could. This is called a Mouni - or teacher that transmits wisdom thru silence.
Since the 1930s his teachings have been popularized in the West, resulting in his worldwide recognition as an enlightened being. Ramana Maharshi approved a number of paths and practices, but recommended self-enquiry (Who Am I) as the principal means to remove ignorance and abide in Self-awareness together with bhakti (devotion) or surrender to the Self.
Books and Ashram: There are many remarkable books about him and his teaching written by numerous disciples. This wishing to visit the ashram please review their web page: https://www.sriramanamaharshi.org/
Location: The town of Tiruvannamalai is 120 miles southwest of Chennai. It is situated on the Villupuram-Katpadi branch line of the Southern Railway. Buses connect it to nearby cities. Taxis are also available for visitors traveling to the Ashram from different points in South India. The Ashram is about 3 km from the Tiruvannamalai railway station. It is about the same distance from the bus stations and 2 km south of the Main Temple.