Even today we see in India a lot of
respect for Mahavira - a Buddha like
seeker with very similar development.
Mahavira, also known as Vardhamāna,
was the twenty-fourth tirthankara
(ford-maker and propagator of dharma)
who revived Jainism.
He expounded the spiritual,
philosophical and ethical
teachings of the previous
tirthankaras from the remote
In the Jain tradition,
it is believed that Mahavira
was born in the early part of
the 6th century BCE into
a royal Kshatriya Jain family
in present-day Bihar, India.
He abandoned all worldly
possessions at the age of 30
and left home in pursuit of
spiritual awakening, becoming an ascetic.
Mahavira practiced intense meditation
and severe austerities for 12 years,
after which he is believed to have
attained Kevala Jnana (omniscience).
He preached for 30 years and
is believed by Jains to have
attained moksha in the 6th
After attaining Kevala Jnana,
Mahavira taught that observance
of the vows of ahimsa (non-violence),
satya (truth), asteya (non-stealing),
brahmacharya (chastity), and aparigraha
(non-attachment) is necessary
for spiritual liberation.