The Papal Basilica of St. Peter - The Chair of Saint Peter
The Vatican, Rome, Italy
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The Papal Basilica of St. Peter - The Vatican, Rome, Italy
The burial site of Saint Peter, built 1506 - 1626.
Situated on Vatican Hill in the UNESCO world heritage site of Vatican City,
St Peter’s Basilica dominates the skyline of Rome and attracts millions
of visitors from all over the world.
It is the most prominent building in the
Vatican City. Its dome is a dominant
feature of the skyline of Rome. Probably
the largest church in Christendom, it
covers an area of 2.3 hectares
(5.7 acres). One of the holiest sites
of Christianity and Catholic Tradition,
it is traditionally the burial site of its
titular, St. Peter, who was the head
of the twelve Apostles of Jesus
The Papal Basilica of St. Peter in the
Vatican (Italian: Basilica Papale di San
Pietro in Vaticano) or simply St. Peter's
Basilica is an Italian Renaissance
church in Vatican City, the papal enclave
within the city of Rome.
Designed principally by Donato Bramante,
Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian
Lorenzo Bernini, St. Peter's is the most
renowned work of Renaissance architecture
and the largest church in the world.
While it is neither the mother church
of the Catholic Church nor the cathedral
of the Diocese of Rome, St. Peter's is
regarded as one of the holiest Catholic
shrines. It has been described as
"holding a unique position in the
Christian world" and as "the greatest
of all churches of Christendom".
Catholic tradition holds that the basilica
is the burial site of Saint Peter,
chief among Jesus's apostles and also
the first Bishop of Rome.
Saint Peter's tomb is supposedly directly
below the high altar of the basilica.
For this reason, many popes have been
interred at St. Peter's since the
Early Christian period, and there has
been a church on this site since
the time of the Roman emperor
Constantine the Great.
Construction of the present basilica,
which would replace Old St. Peter's
Basilica from the 4th century AD, began
on 1506 and was completed on 1626.
St. Peter's is famous as a place of pilgrimage
and for its liturgical functions.
The pope presides at a number of liturgies
throughout the year, drawing audiences
of 15,000 to over 100,000 people,
either within the basilica or the adjoining
St. Peter's Square.
St. Peter's has many historical associations,
with the Early Christian Church,
the Papacy, the Protestant Reformation and
Catholic Counter-reformation and
numerous artists, especially Michelangelo.
As a work of architecture, it is
regarded as the greatest building
of its age.
St. Peter's is one of the four churches
in the world that hold the rank of
major basilica, all four of which are i
St Peters square webcam:
Text: Extracted from wikipedia and romaexperience
By Vitold Muratov - Wiki Commons
4k walk tour: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0B54PR2kvWE